Thyroid Disorders & Surgery
The thyroid gland is a butterfly-shaped organ located in the front of the neck, just over the windpipe. It produces iodine-containing hormones which regulate the rate at which body cells use energy and produce heat.
The growth and development of all the body's tissues are dependent on the thyroid
gland's proper functioning. If the thyroid gland is either overactive or underactive, it
can create health problems.
Thyroid surgery is indicated in thyroid cancer, enlarged thyroid gland (goiter), Grave’s disease, thyroid nodules, and occasionally in hyperthyroidism.
Thyroid surgery may involve complete or partial removal of thyroid gland which depends upon the type and severity of the condition.
- Total thyroidectomy - It involves removal of entire thyroid gland. It is done to treat thyroid cancer and multinodular goiter
- Lumpectomy or biopsy - It is the removal of small part of the thyroid gland. It is done to check if the thyroid nodules are cancerous
- Thyroid lobectomy - It involves removal of lobes of the thyroid gland. It is performed if the nodules are located in one of the lobes
- Subtotal thyroidectomy - It removes the major part of the thyroid gland leaving behind the some tissues on both sides of thyroid gland. It is done to remove tumor in thyroid gland, treat hyperthyroidism, and reduce the size of the enlarged thyroid gland
- Near-total thyroidectomy - It removes the thyroid gland leaving behind some amount of enlarged thyroid tissue on one side of the thyroid gland. It is indicated in patients who have thyroid cancer, large goiter, and hyperthyroidism caused by Graves’ disease
For more information on Thyroid Surgery please visit www.facs.org